We use the present continuous to talk about things that we have already arranged to do in the future. I’ve got my ticket. I’m leaving on Thursday. I’m seeing Julie at 5 and then
Older textbooks often refer to ‘will’ as ‘the future tense’ and this has confused a lot of learners. It is important to remember that when we talk about the future we cannot
We don’t use ‘Shall’ very frequently in modern English, particularly in American English. It is used to make offers and suggestions and to ask for advice. What time shall we meet?
We use the active form to say what the subject does. For example: I speak English every day at work. I repaired the flat tire on the car. We use the passive form to say what happens to people and
We can use the imperative to give a direct order. Take that chewing gum out of your mouth. Stand up straight. Give me the details. We can use the imperative to give instructions. Open your book. Take
The –ing form can be used like a noun, like an adjective or like a verb. Smoking is forbidden. I have a long working day. I don’t like dancing. When it is used like a noun it may or may not
Can you do that? I can’t manage to do that. You can leave your car in that parking space. You cannot smoke in here. Notice that there are two negative forms: ‘can’t’ and ‘cannot’. These